Controller Processor Agreements

Controller Processor Agreements: Everything You Need to Know

In recent years, data protection and privacy regulations have become increasingly strict, and businesses have to comply with these regulations to avoid hefty fines and legal issues. One of these requirements is to sign a controller processor agreement (CPA), but what is a CPA, and how does it affect your business?

What is a Controller Processor Agreement?

A controller processor agreement (CPA) is a legal contract signed between a data controller and processor outlining the terms and conditions of data processing. In simple words, the agreement defines the relationship between the two parties responsible for personal data. The data controller is the entity that determines the purpose, conditions, and means of processing personal data, while the processor processes personal data on behalf of the controller.

What Information Must a CPA Contain?

According to GDPR, a CPA must include the following:

1. The subject matter, duration, and purpose of data processing.

2. The type of personal data, categories of data subjects, and data controller instructions.

3. Confidentiality and security obligations.

4. Subcontractor agreements if any.

5. Data protection impact assessments.

6. The right to access, rectify, delete, restrict, and object to personal data processing.

7. Conditions for international data transfers.

Why is a CPA Important?

Complying with regulations is a must for businesses, but a CPA has more benefits than just compliance. It helps to maintain transparency between the controller and processor, ensuring that both parties agree on the handling of personal data. It also helps to prevent any misunderstandings or disputes between the parties involved in the future. Furthermore, signing a CPA encourages data processors to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to secure personal data, and it`s a good indication of a responsible attitude towards data protection.


As a business, it`s critical to comply with data protection regulations and protect personal data. A CPA is one of the requirements businesses need to satisfy to comply with GDPR. It is a legal contract that outlines the terms and conditions of data processing between a data controller and processor. A CPA helps to maintain transparency, prevent misunderstandings, and encourage data processors to implement appropriate measures to secure personal data. By signing a CPA, businesses show a responsible attitude towards data protection and avoid potentially costly fines and legal issues.